In 1947, the Assembly passed a resolution on Palestine’s division. In resolution 60/37 of 1 December 2005, the Assembly requested that, as part of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on 29 November, the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and the Division for Palestinian Rights continue to organise an annual exhibit on Palestinian rights or a cultural event in collaboration with the Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the UN.
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict began around the turn of the century. The Partition Plan, agreed by the United Nations in 1947, attempted to partition the British Mandate of Palestine into Arab and Jewish nations. The State of Israel was established on May 14, 1948, igniting the first Arab-Israeli War. Although Israel won the war in 1949, 750,000 Palestinians were expelled, and the land was split into three parts: the State of Israel, the West Bank (of the Jordan River), and the Gaza Strip.
International days predate the inception of the United Nations, but they have been used as a powerful advocacy tool by the UN. The United Nations marks certain days, weeks, years, and decades, each with its own subject or topic. The United Nations fosters international awareness and action on these concerns by establishing special observances. Each international day provides several actors with the chance to arrange events relating to the day’s topic.